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vietnam human trafficking report

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A straightforward fact: Vietnam is a human trafficking hotspot, and the trade nets annual profits worth tens of billions of U.S. dollars, according to the Ministry of Public Security.. The government did not report offering foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face retribution or hardship. Under the UK agreement, in April and August 2019 the government issued an action plan that assigned specific anti-trafficking responsibilities to various agencies and approved a UK-sponsored project to combat human trafficking. MOLISA distributed thousands of handbooks on legal rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers. The victims received assistance in essential needs, medical support, mental health consultation, legal support, education, and vocational training. JUDY WOODRUFF:A changing Asia has also complicated the relationship between China and Vietnam.They have recently battled over drilling for oil in waters claimed by both countries, and they share a long land border that has been the scene of human trafficking.Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro has our report. • Continue to train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including those involving male victims. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), with donor funding, operated a 24-hour hotline for trafficking victims and victims of other crimes; authorities reported receiving approximately 2,520 calls in 2019, compared with 2,010 calls in 2018 and 2,700 in 2017. The government did not provide statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or destination. These efforts included providing trafficking victims the affirmative right to legal representation in judicial proceedings; increasing the amount of time victims could remain in a shelter by one month and the amount of financial support provided to them for certain basic needs; continuing to operate large-scale awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking, including workers migrating overseas; and training law enforcement officials. These victims were less likely to seek support and were vulnerable to re-trafficking. In human trafficking cases the victims are the witnesses. The new protective measures included assigning experienced judges to cases and limiting the use of victims’ live testimonies, among other measures. Vietnamese men and women migrate abroad for work informally or through state-owned or state-regulated labor recruitment enterprises. In September 2018, the Supreme People’s Court issued a circular detailing the trial procedures dealing with cases involving victims under the age of 18, designed to make court proceedings more child-friendly. Reports continued of poor migration management and poor regulation of the labor broker industry leading to debt bondage and exploitation of Vietnamese citizens abroad. The government did not offer foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face retribution or hardship. Therefore Vietnam was downgraded to the Tier 2 Watch List. But worst of all, the crime robs human beings of their freedom and their dignity. Despite continued reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. The government’s 2019 budget for victim assistance was 7.12 billion VND ($307,280), excluding amounts provided by international organizations, NGOs, and donors. Despite these efforts, and aided by cultural norms or stigmatization that may deter victims from self-identifying, reports of migrant workers’ vulnerability to debt-based coercion continued. A 2014 legal provision requires a judicial proceeding before detention of drug users in compulsory drug rehabilitation centers and restricts detainees’ maximum workday to four hours. While Articles 150 and 151 came into effect during the previous reporting period, the government did not circulate implementing guidelines until January 2019, which did not take effect until March 2019. NGOs and the media in Japan previously reported Vietnamese workers paid $7,000 to third-party brokers in Vietnam before entering the TITP program and then often had to pay $4,000 to $5,000 if they broke their contracts, trapping them in forced labor. The government encouraged trafficking victims to assist in judicial proceedings against traffickers and offered victims some protection and compensation. Kim Ninh is The Asia Foundation’s Country Representative in Vietnam. A 2014 legal provision requires a judicial proceeding before detention of drug users in compulsory drug rehabilitation centers and restricts detainees’ maximum workday to four hours. In 2019, authorities reported identifying, at times in cooperation with NGOs, 300 victims of trafficking—a decrease from 490 in 2018 and 670 in 2017; however, for some victims the form of exploitation was unclear. The government reported repatriating 51 victims to Vietnam and assisting an additional 331 victims overseas, compared with 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 and 138 in 2017. The SituationVietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and conditions of forced labor. While the government completed the resolution providing guidance to the application of Articles 150 and 151, because it did not come into effect until March 15, it was too late to impact implementation of the articles during the reporting period. Traffickers increasingly use the internet, gaming sites, and particularly social media to lure potential victims into vulnerable situations; men often entice young women and girls with online dating relationships and persuade them to move abroad, then subject them to forced labor or sex trafficking. • Improve interagency cooperation to effectively implement the anti-trafficking national action plan, including by clarifying the roles of national and provincial-level government entities, fully integrating trafficking data collection into law enforcement efforts, and allocating sufficient resources to the national action plan. Foreign victims, including children, remained at high risk of deportation without screening or referral to protective services. During the migration process, European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sex trafficking before they reach their final destination. The government maintained labor representatives at diplomatic missions in countries with large numbers of documented Vietnamese migrant workers. Article 150 of the penal code criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking of adults and prescribed penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines of 20 million to 100 million Vietnamese dong (VND) ($860 to $4,320). It identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years. Some diplomatic personnel previously reportedly lacked sufficient training to adequately assist victims, and NGOs abroad previously reported some overseas missions were unresponsive to foreign government and NGO attempts to refer Vietnamese victims to them. We consider that she has not shown that she faces a real risk of ill-treatment on return to Vietnam, whether on account of her previous experience as a victim of trafficking or otherwise’ (Paragraph 51). Traffickers increasingly exploit girls from ethnic minority communities in the northwest highlands, including in sex trafficking and domestic servitude, by channeling their criminal activities through the traditional practice of bride kidnapping. The government did not provide comprehensive statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or destination. US report on human trafficking contains subjective info about Vietnam Thursday, 07/02/2020, 22:35 VOV.VN - A Vietnamese Foreign Ministry spokesperson affirmed on July 2 that the US Department of State’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report does not reflect objectively and accurately the situation as well as anti-trafficking efforts in Vietnam. MoLISA conducted an inspection, in coordination with public security agencies, and discovered 91 cases related to violations in the recruitment of labor for overseas employment and found 55 organizations and individuals without relevant permits. This joint report by Asylos and ARC Foundation addresses an information gap on the topic of victims of trafficking returned to Vietnam from the UK. The Vietnam General Confederation of Labor (VGCL), the national trade union under the direction of Vietnam’s Communist Party, took steps to prevent exploitation of Vietnamese workers abroad. International observers reported government officials often blamed Vietnamese citizens for their exploitative conditions abroad or suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid immigration violations. Some Vietnamese women who travel abroad for internationally brokered marriages or jobs in restaurants, massage parlors, and karaoke bars—including to China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Taiwan—are subjected to forced labor in domestic service or sex trafficking. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation, and returned victims were afraid of being arrested for crossing the border without documentation. For the third consecutive year, the government identified significantly fewer victims than the previous year. Other efforts to raise awareness were more general in nature and composed of thousands of printed bulletins, articles, and reports, as well as several television reports and documentaries. The North Korean government may have forced North Koreans to work in Vietnam. Traffickers increasingly exploit girls from ethnic minority communities in the northwest highlands, including in sex trafficking and forced labor in domestic service, by channeling their criminal activities through the traditional practice of bride kidnapping. Despite reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. The government did not systematically refer victims to protective services due to inadequacies in its formal referral process, including some border guards’ unfamiliarity with trafficking crimes, a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, and incomplete data collection processes. In addition, I collected and critically analysed 70 government reports and five conference proceedings specific to the situation in Vietnam. Civil society organizations reported assisting 167 victims of trafficking. These efforts included disseminating implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, operating large-scale awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking, and government facilitated trainings for Consular officers, police, and other relevant agencies to combat trafficking. Posted by myvietnam2. International observers previously reported government officials often blamed Vietnamese citizens for their exploitative conditions abroad or suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid immigration violations. Traffickers subject some children to forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines. Large-scale Vietnamese and Chinese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries, such as Laos, may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape. Disparate government bodies continued to report discrepant, overlapping, or incomplete data on anti-trafficking law enforcement and victim identification. Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. MoLISA continued operating 400 social protection centers through local authorities to provide services to a wide range of vulnerable groups, including trafficking victims; these centers were unevenly staffed, under-resourced, and lacked appropriately trained personnel to assist victims. Sentences ranged from less than three years’ to 30 years’ imprisonment. Some officials continued to conflate trafficking with smuggling, which precluded the identification of victims who voluntarily migrated abroad. Large-scale Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. Visitors to Vietnam, U.S. Citizens with emergencies, please call: Hanoi: (024) 3850-5000 - Ho Chi Minh City: (028) 3520-4200 or (028) 3520-4600, Outside of Office Hours, contact: - Hanoi: (024) 3850-5000 - Ho Chi Minh City: (028) 3520-4200 or (028) 3520-4600, Outside of Vietnam: - Hanoi: +8424-3850-5000 - Ho Chi Minh City: +8428-3520-4200 or +8428-3520-4600. They stole my mother’s organs: a Vietnamese human trafficking victim on going to the UK Nguyen was held captive in Vietnam and then forced to work … By vnmission | 21 June, 2019 | Topics: Official Reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations. • Increase national funding available to provincial level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking. Over one and a half years the research investigated the issue of human trafficking from Vietnam to the With assistance from an international organization, the government submitted to the National Assembly a revised law governing contract-based Vietnamese overseas workers; the law remained pending at the close of the reporting period. Because the government did not disaggregate its data by trafficking type, it did not report—for the eighth consecutive year—whether it prosecuted any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Trafficking in Persons Report 2019. During the reporting period, the government’s existing bilateral anti-trafficking agreements with Cambodia, China, Laos, Republic of Korea, Thailand, and the United Kingdom (UK) to improve law enforcement coordination remained in force. Complicit Vietnamese officials, primarily at commune and village levels, facilitate trafficking or exploit victims by accepting bribes from traffickers, overlooking trafficking indicators, and extorting money in exchange for reuniting victims with their families. Traffickers force children into street hawking and begging in major urban centers. Informally, MPS officials estimated the vast majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in commercial sex, child laborers, and North Koreans and train relevant officials on these procedures. There were reports of children as young as six producing garments under conditions of forced labor in small privately owned garment factories and informal workshops, and that children as young as 12 worked while confined in government-run rehabilitation centers. The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Deputy Spokesperson of the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang. Civil society reported prosecutions for child sex tourism were rare. Article 151 criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking of children under the age of 16 and prescribed penalties of seven to 12 years’ imprisonment and fines of 50 million to 200 million VND ($2,160 to $8,620). A lack of interagency coordination and unfamiliarity among some provincial officials with anti-trafficking law and victim protection roles and responsibilities continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. Civil society reported that this led to confusion on how to treat cases involving 16- and 17-year-old children —especially for cases involving labor trafficking—and resulted in victims being treated as adults in nearly all cases. The government reported that the Supreme People’s Procuracy and Supreme People’s Court have revised their trainings to address trafficking crimes for victims under the age of 16. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. The government referred 110 victims to shelters. The government continued a five-year assessment on NAP implementation benchmarks. These missions could provide basic provisions, transportation, and healthcare to Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking abroad. Traffickers exploit Vietnamese women and children in sex trafficking abroad; many are misled by fraudulent employment opportunities and sold to brothel operators on the borders of China, Cambodia, and Laos, and elsewhere in Asia, including Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. Some traffickers pose as police officers on social media networks to gain victims’ trust. In 2019, MOLISA inspected 55 enterprises sending workers abroad, fined 21 of them nearly 1.5 billion VND ($64,740), revoked two licenses, and resolved 120 civil complaints, all related to labor migration, compared with 91 violations in 2018. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in 2017, 308 in 2016). Men often entice young women and girls with online dating relationships, persuade them to move abroad, then subject them to forced labor or sex trafficking. That’s why we must pursue an end to the scourge of human trafficking. Vietnam. The report, Precarious Journeys: Mapping Vulnerabilities of Victims of Trafficking from Vietnam to Europe, traces the journeys made by Vietnamese children and adults to the UK, finding that the governments of countries on key trafficking routes routinely fail to protect vulnerable Vietnamese children from exploitation. The government did not report how the 2018 restructuring of the MPS, in which the MPS Staff Department responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures merged with the Criminal Police Department responsible for trafficking operations, improved the flow of information and interagency coordination or law enforcement efforts during the reporting period. Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. Complicit Vietnamese officials, primarily at commune and village levels, allegedly facilitate trafficking or exploit victims by accepting bribes from traffickers, overlooking trafficking indicators and extorting money in exchange for reuniting victims with their families. Deputy Chief of Mission Christopher Klein, Federal Assistance and Scholarship Programs, Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI), USAID Launches New Project to Support Vietnam’s Commitment to End HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis by 2030, The National Tuberculosis Program Partners with USAID to Implement a New Strategy to End TB in Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Advance Clean Energy Deployment in Vietnam, Joint Statement on United States, Japan and Vietnam Cooperation to Support Vietnam’s Energy Transitions Through LNG Utilization, Consular Sections Closed on January 1, 2021, Consular Sections Closed on December 24 and December 25, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks for the 25th Anniversary Gala Events, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks at 25th Anniversary Event Hosted by the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organizations (VUFO), STATEMENT BY MORGAN ORTAGUS, SPOKESPERSON, Remarks by Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun at the Embassy of Vietnam’s Virtual 25th Anniversary Celebration, The United States’s Commitment and International Law in the South China Sea, The United States and Vietnam Strengthen Partnership to Address War Legacies, The United States Agency for International Development Announces Completion of its Green Annamites Project, U.S. APNSA Robert C. O’Brien’s Visit to Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Help Vietnam Improve its Social Health Insurance Implementation, Secretary Pompeo’s Meeting with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, International Religious Freedom Report for 2016 – Vietnam, Peace Corps in Vietnam – U.S. Embassy and U.S. Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City (January 5, 2021), Upcoming Events for the Public at the American Center Hanoi. Of victims who voluntarily migrated abroad victim identification process remained overly cumbersome and complex requiring. In previous years callers have difficulty when speaking with an operator with a different regional dialect of Office... Labor within drug treatment centers to forced labor, including children, remained at high risk deportation! Are coerced to work in Vietnam 2012 report → human trafficking situation from Vietnam abroad offered victims some protection compensation... 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